Adapting the feed, the animal and the feeding techniques to improve the efficiency and sustainability of monogastric livestock production systems
Adapting the feed, the animal and the feeding techniques to improve the efficiency and sustainability of monogastric livestock production systems

Plasma metabolites related to nitrogen efficiency in low and high birthweight pigs

Authors: 
Verschuren L.M.G., Jansman A.J.M., Calus M.P.L., Bergsma R., Hedemann, M.S.
Publication date: 
21 August 2018
Full title: 
Plasma metabolites related to nitrogen efficiency in low and high birthweight pigs
Publishing information: 
DPP (Digestive Physiology of Pigs) 2018, 21-24 August, Brisbane, Australia
Abstract: 

Birthweight of piglets has a major effect on average daily gain later in life, and therefore possibly influences nitrogen efficiency of pigs. Concentrations of particular plasma metabolites might be markers for nitrogen efficiency. The present study investigated differences in nitrogen metabolism between low and high birthweight pigs at grower-finisher age (between 98-126 days of age) using untargeted metabolomics. Plasma samples were collected of 40 grower-finisher pigs (three-way crossbreeds, low or high birthweight) at onset of the experiment (D0), and after the first (D17) and second (D28) experimental period. In a change-over design, pigs were either fed a protein adequate (100%) or a protein restricted (70%) diet. Plasma metabolites were characterized by untargeted liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry, and results were subjected to a discriminant approach combined with principal component analysis to discriminate pigs based on birthweight, diet fed, and diet fed within birthweight groups. Low vs. high birthweight pigs could be distinguished based on a limited number of metabolites. Pigs fed a protein adequate or restricted diet also had very distinct metabolite profiles. However, different metabolites were important for distinguishing the effect of diet in the low compared to the high birthweight piglets. Further identification of the metabolites linked several metabolites to possible differences in nitrogen metabolism between pigs with different birthweight. In conclusion, our results show a clear effect of birthweight and dietary protein restriction on plasma metabolites, the effect of dietary protein restriction being birthweight dependent. This study is part of the Feed-a-Gene Project, funded from the European Union’s H2020 Programme under grant agreement no 633531.

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