Adapting the feed, the animal and the feeding techniques to improve the efficiency and sustainability of monogastric livestock production systems
Adapting the feed, the animal and the feeding techniques to improve the efficiency and sustainability of monogastric livestock production systems

Using group records of feed intake to select for feed efficiency in rabbit

Authors: 
Piles M., Sánchez J.P.
Publication date: 
24 April 2019
Full title: 
Using group records of feed intake to select for feed efficiency in rabbit
Publishing information: 
Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics
Abstract: 

Models for genetic evaluation of feed efficiency (FE) for animals housed in groups when they are either fed ad libitum (F) or on restricted (R) feeding were implemented. Definitions of FE on F included group records of feed intake (¯FI_F) and individual records of growth rate (GF) and metabolic weight (MF). Growth rate (GR) as FE measurement on R was used. Data corresponded to 5,336 kits from a rabbit sire line, from 1,255 litters in 14 batches and 667 cages. A five-trait mixed model (also with metabolic weight on R, MR) was implemented including, for each trait, the systematic effects of batch, body weight at weaning, parity order and litter size; and the random effects of litter, additive genetic and individual. A Bayesian analysis was performed. Conditional traits such as ¯FI_F |M_F,G_F and G_F |M_F,¯FI_F were obtained from elements of additive genetics ( ( ¯FI_F |M_F,G_F )_g and ( G_F |M_F,¯FI_F )_g ) or phenotypic (( ¯FI_F |M_F,G_F )_p and ( G_F |M_F,¯FI_F )_p ) (co)variance matrices. In the first case, heritabilities were low (0.07 and 0.06 for ( ¯FI_F |M_F,G_F )_g and ( G_F |M_F,¯FI_F )_g, respectively) but null genetic correlation between the conditional and conditioning traits is guaranteed. In the second case, heritabilities were higher (0.22 and 0.16 for ( ¯FI_F |M_F,G_F )_p and ( G_F |M_F,¯FI_F )_p, respectively) but the genetic correlation between ( ¯FI_F |M_F,G_F )_p and G_F was moderate (0.58). Heritability of GR was low (0.08). This trait was negatively correlated with ( G_F |M_F,¯FI_F )_p and ( G_F |M_F,¯FI_F )_gof animals on F, which indicate a different genetic background. The correlation between GR and GF was also low to moderate (0.48) and the additive variance of GF was almost 4 times that of GR, suggesting the presence of a substantial genotype by feeding regimen interaction.

Media category: 

Stakeholder platform

Do want to take part in Feed-a-Gene? Register on the Stakeholder Platform!
 
or